N - n

na1 v. COP. Den tu man na skowtu. The two men are policemen. Usage: Used only in present tense stative clauses. Past tense stative clauses use ben de. See: de1.
na2 1) prep. locative preposition. Mi e go na mi mama oso. I’m going to my mother’s house. Mi de na mi mama. I’m at my mother’s. Poti a sensi a tapu a tafra. Put the money on the table. Usage: Na may be used with other prepositions, as in: na ini 'in', na tapu 'on', etc. Variant: a3.
2) prep. instrumental preposition. San den sma ben du fosi te yu ben kari wan bigisma na en nen? What did people do in the past if an adult was called only by his first name?
3) art. emphasis marker. Na kon yu e kon fu teki a moni kba? You’ve come already to take the money? Na yu fufuru mi moni! You (emp) stole my money! Na drape un mus go. We must go there (emp). Usage: Na as emphasis marker occurs initially before subject pronouns and before fronted items in clefted sentences.
na3 See main entry: a2. art. singular definite article.
na di conj. because. Na di den dagu bari so mi no kon ini a dyari. Because the dogs barked so, I didn’t come in the yard. syn: bikasi; fu di.
na doro outside. See main entry: na doro.
na fesi previously. See main entry: na fesi.
nafun interj. good evening. Usage: Used as a greeting in the evening hours. People in Paramaribo generally use the Dutch greeting 'goedenavond'. See: morgu; adyosi; kuneti.
nagri n. clove.
nai vt. sew. Mama e nai krosi gi ala en pikin. Mother sews clothes for all of her children. See: nanai; kleriman; sneiri.
naki 1) vt. hit. Kaba! Mi o naki yu! Stop it or I’ll hit you! See: fon; tuma. From: Eng. Etym: knock .
fu naki dagu idiom. in abundance. Nyanyan de fu naki dagu! There is food in abundance! syn: bogobogo.
naki wan ... v. hit with something. Mi naki a sneki wan tiki, dan mi trowe en abra a skotu. I hit the snake with a stick, then I threw it over the fence. Usage: the instrument used for hitting something can be stated after the direct object and introduced by wan, e.g. wan kofu, wan tiki, wan ston.
2) v. beat. Go naki a figifutu gi mi na dorosei. Go beat the doormat for me outside.
naki ... mofo hit one’s mouth. See main entry: naki ... mofo.
naki ... wan kofu slug, hit with a fist. See main entry: naki ... wan kofu.
naki dron play the drum. See main entry: naki dron.
naki dyap do odd jobs. See main entry: naki dyap.
naki en tongo to smack one’s lips, make a smacking sound with the tongue. See main entry: naki en tongo.
naki kofu fight. See main entry: naki kofu.
naki poku make music with percussion instruments. See main entry: naki poku.
naki spoiti give an injection. See main entry: naki spoiti.
naki tapu bang shut, slam shut. See main entry: naki tapu.
naki wan blaka make a blunder. See main entry: naki wan blaka.
naki wan konkrutitei call (on the telephone). See main entry: naki wan konkrutitei.
naki wan wèt make or pass a law. See main entry: wèt : naki wan wèt.
nak'naki v. hit or bang repeatedly. Aka a fensre, noso a o nak'naki te winti e wai. Put the shutter on the hook, otherwise it will bang open and closed when the wind blows. Morph: redup.
namku See main entry: funamku. ad. primarily, especially.
nanai n. needle. Spelling variation: n'nai
nanai-olo n. eye of a needle.
nanasi n. pineapple. Ananas comosus (Bromeliaceae).
nanga 1) conj. and. Boiki papa ben kweki fowru nanga wan kaw. Boiki’s father raised chickens and a cow. Usage: used to conjoin noun phrases. See: èn. Variant: anga2.
2) prep. with, together with. Mi go nanga mi brada na foto. I went with my brother to town. ant: sondro.
nanga krin ai wide awake. See main entry: nanga krin ai.
nanga opo mofo surprised, amazed. See main entry: nanga opo mofo.
nangra 1) n. fingernail or toenail. whole: finga.
2) n. claw.
naniwagi n. in earlier days it was a hearse for poor people.
napi n. a kind of edible tuber, cushcush. Dioscorea trifida (Dioscoreaceae). gen: gron-nyanyan.
nati 1) vt. get wet, make wet. Alen nati mi te mi krosi dropu. The rain soaked me to the bone. From: NL. Etym: nat .
2) ad. wet. A empi fu mi nati; mi no man weri en. My shirt are wet. I can’t wear them.
nat'nati 1) vt. moisten, sprinkle (water). Yu mu nat'nati den krosi fosi yu kan triki den. You need to sprinkle water on the clothes before ironing them.
2) adj. humid, moist, damp, sticky. Usage: spoken normally.
3) ad. drenched. Usage: spoken with emphasis. Morph: redup.
ne conj. then, indicates that something happened at the same time. Di mi opo a doro, ne mi si Hendrik e kon. When I opened the door, (at that moment) I saw Hendrik coming. Usage: carries more the idea of 'at that time' than 'after that'. See: dan1.
nefi n. knife. spec: bredenefi. See: forku; spun; owru2.
nefiman n. someone who carries a knife to fight with. syn: hariman.
nefo 1) n. nephew. Usage: young men will also say ne.
2) n. cousin. See table under: famiriman.
neigi num. nine. See table under: nomru.
neigitenti num. ninety. See table under: nomru.
neki 1) n. neck.
2) n. throat. syn: gorogoro. Variant: inineki.
neki-olo 1) n. throat.
2) n. opening for the neck in a piece of clothing. Mi lobi a bosroko ma a neki-olo smara. I like the T-shirt but the opening for the neck is too small.
neleki ad. just like. Den boi disi e wroko tranga neleki fa den ppa ben wroko tranga. These boys work hard just like their father did. syn: soleki.
nen 1) n. name. See: fesinen.
tyari ... nen vt. bear someone’s name. Mi tyari mi mama nen. I have my mother’s name.
tyari nen idiom. scapegoat, be blamed for things. Odo: Ala bus'meti e nyan kasaba, ma konkoni e tyari nen. Proverb: All the animals in the bush eat cassava, but the rabbit gets the blame.
2) vi. be named. A: Fa a langa boi nen san e lon dape? B: A nen Jerrel. A: What is that boy’s name who is running over there? B: His name is Jerrel. See: kari.
nene n. grandmother, old woman, nanny. Usage: not widely used anymore. See: gangan; musye; See table under: famiriman.
nengre 1) n. negro, person of African descent. syn: krioro; blakaman.
2) adj. Creole.
3) n. man. Tranga nengre no de dape. There aren’t any strong men there. Variant: man-nengre.
4) n. Sranan Tongo. A man disi e taki soso nengre. This man only speaks Sranan Tongo. syn: nengretongo.
nengredoro n. gate (usually narrow and made of used tin roofing). Historically it was a small gate on the side of the house where negroes could enter the yard behind the house.
nengregron n. a garden plot where food is grown for personal use. syn: nyangron. See: gron.
nengrekondre n. Africa.
nengrenoto n. souari nut. Caryocar nuciferum (Caryocaraceae). Also known as sawarinoto. See: noto.
nengre-oso n. a small house, often more than one are on a single property. syn: prasi-oso. Spelling variation: nengr'oso
nengre-oso sabi n. information that is specific to the local culture (often having to do with the healing of various ailments).
nengre-oso siki n. sickness that is not treatable by modern medicine, such as psychosomatic problems based on cultural beliefs. syn: nengresiki.
nengresiki n. spiritual or psychological disorders, often caused by the violation of social or religious norms or taboos. Datra dresi no e yepi nanga nengresiki. Medicine from the doctor does not help with infirmities of the spirit. See: datrasiki. Variant: nengre-oso siki.
nengretongo n. Sranan Tongo. syn: nengre.
nengre-uma n. negress. syn: blaka-uma.
nesi n. nest.
neti 1) n. night. Den srudati lasi dri dei nanga tu neti ini a busi. The soldiers were lost for three days and two nights in the jungle. A e teki neti meki dei. Saying: He works night and day. See table under: dei.
2) ad. nighttime. Te neti yuru dan birman nanga en frow lobi go teki wan koiri. In the evening the neighbors like to take a walk.
niri n. kidney.
nyan en niri idiom. be bothered or annoyed at something.
no 1) adv. not. Mi no man kon tamara. I cannot come tomorrow. No wan enkri sma kon tide. Not a single person came today.
2) interj. no. A: Yu o kon tamara? B: No, mi no o kon. A: Are you coming tomorrow? B: No, I’m not coming. Variant: nono.
3) TAG. used to induce a response to one’s statement. A film ben span, no? The movie was exciting, wasn’t it?
4) interj. expresses wonder or shock/surprise. A: I yere tak' a man dati dede? B: Nò? Fa a du dede? A: Did you hear that that man died? B: No! How did he die?
no wan quan. none at all, not one. A no abi no wan pikin. She has not one single child. See: noti.
no wan pe See main entry: presi. n. nowhere.
no wan presi nowhere. See main entry: no wan presi.
nofo ad. enough. A batra abi nofo watra. The bottle has enough water in it.
nofotron adv. often, frequently. Mi bari en nofotron fu no waka nanga den boi dati. I warned him often not to hang around those boys.
noiti ad. never. Noiti mi kisi ini mi prakseri taki so wan sani bo psa. I never thought that such a thing would happen.
noko n. highest point of a building, ridge of a roof.
nomo 1) ad. only. Mi go wan leisi nomo na Nickerie. I’ve only been to Nickerie one time. From: Eng. Etym: no more .
2) conj. however, but, then. Nomo di a bigin taki, a trawan ati bron. But when he began to speak, the other one got mad. syn: dan1; ma2.
nomonomo ad. on and on, again and again, continually. Nomonomo mi taki nanga a pikin fu a leri na skoro. I tell the child over and over again to pay attention at school. syn: dorodoro2. Morph: redup.
nomru n. number.

TABLE 5: Numbers

1 wan 30 dritenti
2 tu 31 dritenti-na-wan
3 dri 32 dritenti-na-tu
4 fo ...  
5 feifi 40 fotenti
6 siksi 50 feifitenti
7 seibi 60 siksitenti
8 aiti 70 seibitenti
9 neigi 80 aititenti
10 tin 90 neigitenti
11 erfu 100 wan hondru
12 twarfu 101 wan hondru nanga wan
13 tin-na-dri 102 wan hondru nanga tu
14 tin-na-fo ...  
15 tin-na-feifi 110 wan hondru nanga tin
16 tin-na-siksi 111 wan hondru nanga erfu
17 tin-na-seibi 112 wan hondru nanga twarfu
18 tin-na-aiti 113 wan hondru nanga tin-na-dri
19 tin-na-neigi 114 wan hondru nanga tin-na-fo
20 tutenti ...  
21 tutenti-na-wan 200 tu hondru
22 tutenti-na-tu 300 dri hondru
23 tutenti-na-dri ...  
24 tutenti-na-fo 1,000 wan dusun
25 tutenti-na-feifi ...  
26 tutenti-na-siksi 1,000,000 wan milyun
27 tutenti-na-seibi    
28 tutenti-na-aiti    
29 tutenti-na-neigi    

nono interj. no, not at all, by no means. Wi o wroko tide te siksi yuru? Nono, tamara baka. Are we going to work today until six o’clock? No, tomorrow we will. Yu denki tak' Anansi ben teki leri fu a sani disi? Nono. A no e kba nanga a gridifasi fu en. Do you think that Anansi learned something from this? No way! He will never stop being greedy. See: kwet'kweti.
noordsei n. north.
noso1 n. nose. Mi noso e lon. My nose is running. See: nosobonyo; nosolinga; noso-olo.
bro noso idiom. blow one’s nose. A boi no sabi fu bro en noso ete. The boy doesn’t know how to blow his nose yet.
broko ... noso idiom. used to say that something has a very pleasant aroma or scent. A broin bontyi san birfrow bori tide broko mi noso! The brown beans that the neighbor cooked today smelled delicious!
hari ... noso v. sniffle. Fa a abi a frikowtu, a e hari en noso heri dei. Because he has a cold, he sniffles all day long.
hari ... noso idiom. stick ones nose up at something. Te wan sani no fiti en ai, a e hari en noso. If something doesn’t please her, she sticks her nose up at it.
noso2 conj. otherwise, or. Yu no mus go drape noso yu o kisi mankeri. You must not go there or you’ll get hurt.
nosobonyo n. nose septum, nose bone.
nosolinga n. nose ring.
noso-olo n. nostril. Variant: nos'oro.
nos'oro See main entry: noso-olo. n. nostril.
notarsi n. notary public.
noti prn. nothing. A: San psa nanga yu? B: Noti no psa nanga mi. A: What happened to you? B: Nothing has happened to me. See: not'noti.
notmuskati n. nutmeg.
not'noti ad. nothing at all. Usage: Stronger than noti. Morph: redup.
noto n. nut. spec: keskes'noto; paranoto; inginoto; nengrenoto; sawarinoto; babun-noto; fremusunoto; sketnoto.
now ad. now. Fosi yu ben bai wan bruku bunkopu, ma now yu e pai diri fu en. Earlier a pair of pants was cheap, but now you pay a lot for one. ant: fosi. See: nownow.
nownow ad. immediately, at once, right away; now. Yu mu kon nownow! You must come right away! Mi yere tak' nownow srudati e feti nanga skowtu fu teki a kondre. I hear that right now soldiers are fighting with the police for control of the country. syn: wantron; wantewante. Morph: redup.
nownowde ad. now, nowadays, at this time, at this moment. Nownowde soso verkiezing tori e taki. Nowadays everyone is talking about the election.
nowtu n. need, problem, difficulty, trouble. Mi de klar'klari fu yepi den sma di de na nowtu trutru. I am ready to help people who are truly in need. Dati na wan nowtu di kon miti Johan! That is some trouble that has happened to Johan! syn: problema; dyam; broko-ede; trobi.
nyamprei See main entry: nyanprei. v. rejoice, exult.
nyamsi n. a kind of edible tuber, greater asiatic yam. Dioscorea alata (Dioscoreaceae). gen: gron-nyanyan. See: napi; swit'patata. Variant: yamsi.
nyamsi-bredebon breadfruit tree. See main entry: bredebon.
nyan 1) vt. eat. See: nyanyan.
2) v. eat in a figurative sense of use up or spend, but also endure. A nyan fakansi na bakrakondre. He spent his vacation in the Netherlands. A nyan ala en moni. He wasted all his money. A e nyan pina. She suffers need.
nyan ... nanga mofo speak in such a way as to not give the other person a chance to speak. See main entry: nyan ... nanga mofo.
nyan en niri be bothered or annoyed at something. See main entry: nyan en niri.
nyangron n. a garden plot where food is grown for personal use. syn: nengregron. See: gron.
nyan-oli n. cooking oil. Spelling variation: nyanyan-oli
nyanprei v. rejoice; rejoice, exult. Usage: archaic. See: prisiri; breiti. Spelling variation: nyamprei
nyansani n. things to eat, food.
nyanyan n. food, meal, feed (animal).
puru a nyanyan na wan sma mofo idiom. cause that someone does not receive something that would be to their advantage or benefit. Morph: redup.
nyofi adj. very small, little, tiny. Fu sanede yu bai den nyofinyofi apresina disi? Yu ben mu piki moro grofu wan. Why did you buy these tiny oranges? You should have chosen bigger ones. syn: nyoni. Variant: nyofinyofi.
nyofinyofi See main entry: nyofi.
nyoni adj. very small, undersized. Den froktu nyoni a yari disi. Den no bigi leki a yari di psa. The fruit is undersized this year. It is not big like last year. syn: nyofi.
nyun adj. new. ant: owru1.
nyunmun n. new moon.
nyunsu n. news. Leti a radio fu un arki a nyunsu na ini Sranan Tongo. Turn on the radio so that we can listen to the news in Sranan Tongo.
nyunyari n. New Year’s Day.
nyunyun ad. very new. Baya! Esde mi libi mi nyunyun slipper na doro, dan dagu nyan en. Darn it! I left my brand-new thongs outside yesterday and the dogs tore them up.
nyunyun pikin n. newborn baby. syn: watrapikin.
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